Even before the Vijayanagara Empire, Hampi was already a place of great religious importance. The Sangam brothers established themselves as protectors of the Hindu faith by making it their capital and won the approval of the vast population.. Origin of Vijayanagar and its Foundation. Vijayanagar was a South Indian Hindu empire, founded in 1336 by Harihara I. Harihara was Bhavana Sangama’s eldest son, of the Kuruba clan of Mysore (now Karnataka), and was founder of the Sangama dynasty, the first of four Dynasties to rule the empire.. Rise and Fall of Vijaynagar Empire The period of Sri Krishnadeva Raya was considered a golden age Palace Wars, Extravaganza and Arrogance led to victory of Adilshahi. The origins of the five sons of Sangama who established the Vijayanagar Empire are unclear. Though at a later time they claimed descent from the mythological Lunar Race of the epics, in reality . The Rise of Chandragupta Maurya, and the Golden Age of the Mauryan Empire The Controversial Indian Caste System Has Been Dividing India for 2000 Years It was under the Tuluva Dynasty that the Vijayanagara Empire reached its peak, especially during the reign of Krishna Deva Raya, the most famous ruler of this dynasty.. Vijayanagar Empire Administration System. The Vijayanagar administration system was centralized, elaborate and just. The history of the rise and fall of Vijayanagar Empire is primarily a history of constant wars and conflicts..